Although there is plenty of public transport available along with privately operated cabs for your daily commuting needs, it can be a lot more convenient to have your own private vehicle. Besides giving you much desired independence, your own car or bike can also be the fulfillment of a coveted dream. However, to be able to drive your vehicle on the roads, it is mandatory to have a driver’s license (DL) first. But how easy is it to get a DL in India? Let’s find out.


What is a Driver’s License?

First of all, let’s begin by understanding what a DL is and why it is necessary. A DL is an official document stating that the holder is rightfully competent to drive motor vehicles. Under Motor Vehicles Act 1988, no one can drive a motor vehicle on public roads unless he/she holds a valid driver license issued by respective authority. Two types of licenses are issued in India – one is permanent license and another is learner license (valid only for 6 months). Permanent license is given only to those who have already applied for learner license. The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has set up more than 1000 RTO offices across the country, from where you can avail a DL that is valid across the country.


The complete procedure of getting a DL

As stated above, it is essential to obtain a learner’s license prior to applying for a permanent license. While the minimum age for obtaining a learner’s license is 16 years provided applicant’s vehicle is of not more than 50 CC capacity and is gearless; to apply for a permanent license the applicant must be at least 18 years of age. Parent’s or guardian’s consent is mandatory in case of minors applying for learner’s license.


A person who possesses a learner’s license and is 20 years old can apply for a license to drive commercial vehicles. Knowledge of traffic rules is a must in all the cases.


To obtain the learner’s license, you will have to apply in a recommended document format at your local RTO office. Carry all the required documents, such as: residence proof, proof of age, medical fitness certificate, passport sized photographs and the required fee. Officials at the RTO will verify your documents and subsequently, you will undergo a learner’s test. An application form will be provided with important documentations such as traffic rules handbook and a documentation of signs and regulations. Once you pass the learner’s test you will be issued a learner’s license.


You can apply for a permanent license only after 30 days and within 180 days of obtaining a learner’s license. You will undergo a primary test, where you will be asked about traffic rules and regulation, driving facts and vehicle systems. Post to which you will have to go through a driving test on your own vehicle or on a vehicle provided by the RTO office. Permanent driving license will be issued if you pass all the tests.

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